ESSAY: Health disparity and Healthy people 2020

Examine Healthy People 2020 health promotion and disease prevention objectives. Identify a health disparity and research this topic, how is it being addressed at both the local and national level.


Health disparities refer to the differences identified among specific population groups in the attainment of optimum health potential measured by variances in prevalence, incidence, burden of disease and mortality. The disparities exist based on age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, disability status and geographic location. This discussion is centered on gender-based disparities.

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Biological factors play a significant role in the health disparities witnessed between men and women. For example, while ovarian cancer affects women, prostate cancer is associated with the male gender. Non-biological factors, on the other hand, also contribute to gender disparities. Certain socioeconomic aspects tend to enhance the disparities in health outcomes. For example, alcohol and substance abuse is a health hazard associated with more men than women (Weinstein et al., 2017). On the other hand, women suffer serious mental illness such as depression and anxiety than men. Additionally, in terms of access to quality healthcare, the male gender is disadvantaged partly because men have not traditionally qualified for Medicaid.

Solution At the state level, gender transformative health initiatives have been designed to factor in the unique socio-cultural and biological experiences and needs of each gender with the goal of equality. The health department has been gathering heath data disaggregated by sex, reviewing the obtained data with a gender perspective about the various health challenges, and developing initiatives that are consistent with global

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